Describe how the Korean War and the Vietnam War are similar and different.

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Similarities between the Korean War and the Vietnam War:

  • Both were fought by the United States to stop independent nations from falling under Communist control. The general thinking among policy makers in Washington was that if one country fell under Communist control, other countries in the region would follow suit....

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Similarities between the Korean War and the Vietnam War:

  • Both were fought by the United States to stop independent nations from falling under Communist control. The general thinking among policy makers in Washington was that if one country fell under Communist control, other countries in the region would follow suit. This was known as the "domino theory."
  • Korea and Vietnam each split into a Communist North and a democratic South. North Korea and North Vietnam were politically supported, armed, and supplied by the People's Republic of China, whereas South Korea and South Vietnam were backed by the United States.

Differences between the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

  • In Vietnam, the United States initially supported the colonial French authorities, who'd been in charge of what was originally called Indochina for quite some time. After French colonial rule ended, the United States gradually took on a more active role in the country. In Korea, however, the United States had no intention of restoring Japanese imperial rule, not least because only a few years before, Imperial Japan had been on the opposing side to America during World War II.
  • The end of the Vietnam War was decisive. Communist North Vietnam won, ending South Vietnamese independence and forcing American troops, advisers, and administrators to leave the newly-united country. The Korean War's conclusion was much less clear-cut. Neither side won outright; a ceasefire was called and a demilitarized zone established between Communist North Korea and democratic South Korea.
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