Describe how the Bill of Rights and the US Supreme Court regulate the actions of the police, and discuss the changing philosophy of the Supreme Court regarding arrests, search and seizure, warrant requirements, custodial interrogation, and identification procedures.

The Bill of Rights regulates the action of police because it sets out requirements that must be followed before police can obtain a warrant. In recent years, the Supreme Court has tried to regulate the action of the police by preventing them from searching phones, issuing excessive fines, and partaking in undue seizures.

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The Bill of Rights refers to the first ten Amendments to the United States Constitution. The Second Amendment codifies a citizen’s right to keep and bear arms. This amendment has regulated the actions of the police because it’s made them hesitant to take away people’s guns even when there’s justifiable reason to do so. For example, in the summer of 2019, a mom called the police in El Paso, Texas. She was worried about her son and the firearms that he owned. The police, citing the law, did not take action. Weeks later, the son opened fire at a local Walmart. He killed 22 people and injured more than 20 others.

As for the Supreme Court, they’ve made it more difficult for police to look through the cellphone of a person under arrest. In 2014’s Riley v. California, the Supreme Court ruled that police should first secure a warrant before they go through an apprehended person’s cellphone.

When it comes to seizures and fines, the Supreme Court has issued rulings that make it more difficult to levy harsh financial penalties against people and seize their assets. In 2019’s Timbs v. Indiana, the Supreme Court issued a verdict that prevented the nation’s police departments from excessively fining people or rapaciously taking their property.

For some commentators, Timbs v. Indiana represents a change in philosophy when it comes to the Supreme Court. It signals that they are ready to tackle police overreach and confront policies affiliated with America’s history of racism.

Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on

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