Describe how the number of seats for the Democratic and the Republican parties changed in the House of Representatives as a result of the election in 2014. 

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mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

According to our constitution, the entire House of Representatives is to be elected every two years. There is currently a total of 435 seats in the House of Representatives. The number of seats each state has is based on the population of the state. States with larger populations have more seats than states with smaller populations.

As a result of the election in 2012, the Democrats had 201 seats in the House of Representatives while the Republicans had 234 seats. As a result of the election in 2014, the Democrats had 188 seats in the House of Representatives while the Republicans had 247 seats. As a result, the Republican majority increased in the House of Representatives.

Having a majority of seats in the House of Representatives is important for whatever political party has the majority of seats. The Speaker of the House of Representatives comes from the majority party. Should something happen to both the President and the Vice President that would prevent them from doing the job of the President, the Speaker of the House, currently Paul Ryan, would assume the responsibilities of the presidency. The majority party also chairs the committees of the House of Representatives and has more members on the committees. They also control more of the budget of each committee and have more staff members. Additionally, the majority party gets the more desirable office locations and can determine the legislative agenda.