Wuthering Heights Questions and Answers
by Emily Brontë

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Describe Heathcliff's death in "Wuthering Heights."

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Heathcliff outlives his beloved Catherine by several decades. Throughout that time he is angry and tortured by the loss. He is determined to destroy the families he feels have destroyed Catherine and him, and he lashes out at these families repeatedly and cruelly. He is an anguished man on a mission of revenge.

We witness, but don't understand, his agony the night Lockwood sleeps in Cathy's old room at Wuthering Heights early in the novel. Heathcliff becomes distraught when he hears of Cathy's ghost knocking at the window to come in, and of Lockwood's refusal to allow her entry.

But at the end of the novel—a time only a few months after Lockwood spends the night—Heathcliff suddenly changes. He's no longer in a frenzy of anger and despair. He watches the young Cathy and Hareton coming together as young lovers, as he and the first Cathy once did. It puts him into a certain degree of agony to watch them, but he no longer has the desire to destroy them. He could enact revenge, but his will for it has gone.

He says:

Nelly, there is a strange change approaching; I’m in its shadow at present. I take so little interest in my daily life that I hardly remember to eat and drink.

It becomes apparent that he is in communication with Catherine's ghost and that it is beckoning him to her. He suffers to be still alive on the earth, and he tells Nelly that his paradise—being with Cathy—is close at hand. He makes his will, and he leaves instructions with Nelly about his burial. Finally one morning, Nelly enters his room to find:

Mr. Heathcliff was there—laid on his back. His eyes met mine so keen and fierce, I started; and then he seemed to smile. I could not think him dead: but his face and throat were washed with rain; the bed-clothes dripped, and he was perfectly still. The lattice, flapping to and fro, had grazed one hand that rested on the sill; no blood trickled from the broken skin, and when I put my fingers to it, I could doubt no more: he was dead and stark!  


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ethomps2 | Student

In 'Wuthering Heights', the reader follows Heathcliff, the novel's protagonist and type of anti-hero. As the story progresses, the reader is immersed in the protagonist's psychological downward spiral, which was further fueled by the death of his son, Linton. Heathcliff is then stuck in an environment with two people who he despises, but he lacks the vigor and zest for vengeance that he once had, and instead resigns to wandering the moors alone. The romance between Cathy and Hareton adds to his descent into madness, with their love reminding him of the one he lost, Catherine Earnshaw. His overwhelming desire to be with her is greater than his desire to remain psychologically sound, as he states 'be with me always--take any form--drive me mad' (16.25).

Seeing two lovers together wreaks havoc on his fragile psychological state, and he stops taking care of himself altogether. The desire to be close to Catherine once more is the final push that Heathcliff needed towards death, and he takes the measures needed to allow Catherine's ghost to be reunited with him by opening his room window. Nelly, the maid at Wuthering Heights, forces herself into his room after he barred the door shut. She finds him sitting, half out of the open window, soaked from the rain the night before, smiling.

lit24 | Student

Heathcliff's death,which actually occurred three months ago, is reported orally by Nelly Dean to Lockwood: "three months since...I'll tell you all about it" Ch.32.

In Ch.34 Nelly gives a detailed daily account of the deterioration of Heathcliff's health and how he finally dies in April 1802. Heathcliff passes sleepless nights wandering outside the house. He refuses to take any food and wishes to be left alone.  But most importantly, "he had a strange joyful glitter in his eyes that altered the aspect of his whole face." Nelly soon realises that he  has seen Catherine's ghost and that shortly  he will die. He refuses to accept  Nelly's  advice  to repent of his evil past and seek seek God's forgiveness. That night he locks himself up in his room "graoaning and murmuring to himself." He refuses to see anyone even the doctor. Next day morning Nelly discovers him dead with his hand stretched out on the open window sill, hinting that he has become a ghost just like Catherine's. It is reported that the villagers have seen the ghosts of Catherine and Heathcliff.

In Ch.29 he reveals to Nelly that he had bribed the sexton to remove one side of Catherine's coffin so that his body can be placed on that side so that at least after  his death he can be united with her. In Ch.34 he is buried just "as he had wished."