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The Employment Act of 1963 was an act passed in the UK Parliament which is the American equivalent of modern labor laws requiring the "2-weeks notice". This act aimed for two goals: To give an employee enough notice prior to firing them so that the employee can find another job or transition easier, and also it is the first act which established that all the details about one's expected duties are supposed to be written down and specified under contract.
The EA of 1988 was also an act passed in the Parliament but this one was directed to Trade Unions. In this Act, union members are explained what are their rights, what the funding will be used for (in case dues are collected) and how they will represent the employee. This will ensure that all transactions and negotiations done within the organization are done within parameters and under control.
The EA of 1989 is an amendment of the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 and its aim is to create jobs that are available for both sexes, and with job descriptions that are applicable for anyone to apply. This act also protects the rights of pregnant employees, limits the work hours of people under 18, and allows for employees to be trained for work purposes.
Concisely, the EA acts of 1963, 1988 and 1989 in general were acts passed by the UK Parliament to ensure the rights of workers, and trade unions. The Acts enforced the use of specific detailing in contracts, delineated the duties of worker unions, and assured equality in job descriptions so that everyone is equally considered for jobs. The importance of the Acts is that they protect the worker and the unions from unfair and illegal labor practices. IT workers should know these indicators to ensure that they do not discriminate against sex, creed, ethnicity or religious preferences when it comes to selecting who will work as part of an IT team. IT personnel is often stereotyped just because their ability to use technology, however, many IT students may have their own theories as to who they feel would be fit to do the same tasks. These acts ask us to not stereotype, and to allow the very complex IT jobs to be tried by everyone, equally. You never know what a person can do unless they try it first.
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