Describe Early Settlers of England/Germanic Tribes

arkaless | Student

The migration and settlement of the Germanic tribes in very large numbers in sub-Roman Britain (5th and 6th centuries A.D.) goes back to the middle of the 5th century. These tribes were the Angles, the Saxons, the Jutes and, may be, the Frisians. Venerable Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History, identified the English as the descendants of three Germanic tribes.

The Angles might have come from Angeln in Germany in the form of mass exodus. The name England must have originated from this tribe. The Saxons came from Lower Saxony in Germany too. The Jutes migrated from Jutland peninsula in Denmark.

They first Germanic invasion in Britain started in the mid-5th century and continued for several decades. The Jutes were the principal settlers in Kent, the Isle of Wight and parts of coastal Hampshire, while the Saxons predominated in all other areas south of the river Thames as well as in Essex and Middlesex, and the Angles settled in Norfolk, Suffolk, the Midlands and the north.

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