What is the difference between classical conditioning and instrumental conditioning?
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Classical and instrumental conditioning are both models in psychology that attempt to explain behavior.
Classical conditioning, sometimes called Pavlovian conditioning, is the process of associating a neutral stimulus with some other stimulus that evokes a response. The goal is to get the neutral stimulus to evoke the same response. For example, a dog may begin to salivate when he sees his master because the dog knows this is the person who feeds him. The smell and taste of meat are unconditioned responses, meaning they prompt the dog to salivate naturally. Pavlov thought if he could associate a neutral stimulus (such as the sight of a certain person or the ringing of a bell) with the appearance/smell of the food,...
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