Describe the conflict between the Big-Endians and Little-Endians.

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When Gulliver is in Lilliput, he learns of the terrible conflict between those Lilliputians called the Big Endians and those called the Little Endians.  Their conflict originated when the current emperor's grandfather, as a boy, broke open his egg at the bigger end and cut his finger.  Since then, all subjects have been instructed to only crack their eggs at the littler end.  However, while many people prefer the new way of cracking eggs, the Little Endians, some folks still prefer to break their eggs in the old way, the Big Endians.  Apparently, some eleven thousand citizens have died for the cause rather than break their eggs at the small end.  This conflict symbolizes and satirizes the religious wars that took place in England for hundreds of years, wars between the Protestants and the Catholics. 

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Gulliver's Travels

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