Describe the circumstances and outcome of the Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison. How did this case impact American federalism?

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The establishment of the Supreme Court as being the ultimate interpreter of the Constitution might have some tangential effects to Federalism.  The supremacy of the Court might bolster the claim that the federal government and its judicial branch has the ultimate authority on determining the constitutionality of actions and legislation.  Yet, the decision's primary focus was to bolster the strength of the independent judiciary in relation to the other two branches.  Through its ruling, the Marshall Court established the strength of the federal courts over local and state courts, and placed the responsibility for safeguarding the Constitution into the hands of the Judicial Branch, giving it the ultimate check against the other two branches.

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In 1803 Chief Justice John Marshall definitely increased the power of the Federal government when the court ruled on the Marbury case. From 1789 until 1803 it was unclear as to the full function the Judicial branch of government would possess....

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