Describe the changing role of the federal government in the 1960s.

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The federal government increased its role during the 1960s. The government passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and ended poll taxes. All of this was done by Democratic presidents even though most Democrats in Congress were from Southern states who favored segregation. By getting the federal government involved in civil rights, segregation ended more quickly than it would have on a state-by-state level.

The federal government under Johnson also tried to end poverty through Medicaid programs and also increased welfare for the poor. Johnson, a supporter of Franklin Roosevelt, wanted to see the federal government take a more active role in protecting the most vulnerable members of society. Johnson also created the Housing and Urban Development program in order to provide housing to low-income individuals. All of these programs gave the federal government a more active role in people's daily lives as more people became dependent on governmental assistance.

The greatest change for the federal...

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