There are four lobes in the human brain. They are the frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes. Each is responsible for different brain functions.
The frontal lobe controls reasoning capabilities, motor skills, higher levels of thinking, problem solving, speech (and parts of speech), and the keeping or storing of memories. It also deals with feelings and "other aspects of personality." It is also responsible for things such as planning and awareness. Damage to this area can cause socialization difficulties and/or an increase in risk-taking behaviors.
The parietal lobe controls the processing of sensations or "tactile sensory information." It deals with perception of stimuli, in particular, touch, pain and pressure.
It also discriminates fine sensations such as the weight of an object.
The parietal lobe is also crucial in processing language and exercising writing skills. And it controls orientation
The temporal lobe deals with auditory information that the brain processes.
The temporal lobes form the side parts of the cerebral hemispheres at the level of the ears.
This includes hearing (sounds), smell, speaking (speech) and memory (located in the hippocampus).
Finally, the occipital lobe controls visual processing or perceiving visual information (any information relayed by the eyes). In that this lobe recognizes shapes and colors, damage to this area obstructs the brain's ability to identify objects and colors.