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Describe advances and setbacks for African Americans during the 1950s.

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The 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education, which made segregated schools unconstitutional, reinvigorated the Civil Rights movement. Shortly after the Supreme Court decision, Martin Luther King, Jr. and his Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) organized a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated buses (set in motion after an African American seamstress named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat). The boycott ended over a year later when the Supreme Court made segregation on public transportation illegal.

However, groups such as CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) still fought against segregation on interstate transportation. In addition, southern states resisted school desegregation. In 1957, Little Rock's Central High school was the sight of a massive battle as 8 brave African American students tried to desegregate the school in spite of widespread white resistance. Eventually, President Eisenhower had to call in troops to desegregate the...

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