Describe the 8 examples of techno-crime below, identifying in each case whether it would constitute an act of sabotage, and why?The 8 examples of techno-crime to use - ·          Virus...

Describe the 8 examples of techno-crime below, identifying in each case whether it would constitute an act of sabotage, and why?

The 8 examples of techno-crime to use -

·          Virus

·          Phishing

·          Trojan Horse

·          Spyware

·          Hacker

·          Spam

·          Malware

·          Logic Bomb

Expert Answers
M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator


     A virus is a computer program that uses an executable code to replicate itself in a target computer. When this executable code is integrated into an email or program, the virus will be liberated and attack the new host computer. A virus could be sabotage because it is the exploitation of the rights of others under a malicious intent. Sending out viruses to crash dowh computers is indeed an act of sabotage because it indicates the malicious intent and the planification of the act. It also ruins the personal, private, financial, and academic projects of others who are inocent victims.


Phishing is a criminal act in which hackers infiltrate websites to get information of people using the internet such as their usernames and passwords. This would be also sabotage because again it is infiltrating in the protected information of other people with the intention of obtaining sensitive information. It is also sabotage because it is maliciously intended and planned ahead with the purpose of engaging in further criminal activity.

A trojan horse-is a form of malware (see definition of malware below) that is designed for hackers to access information from other computers. Trojans are often hidden in applications such as bans, ads, even online forms. Once the trojan horse is "let out", a hacker has officially entered the threshold of a victim computer. This is indeed another way to maliciously steal information and would constitute malicious activity, but to call it a sabotage would be a bit too much. To a point, hackers know that people can protect themselves against trojans and all, so many hackers do not do it to sabotage, but just to "have something to talk about."

 Spyware is another form of malware (malicious software) that is installed to secretly obtain information about the user such as credit card numbers, location, and much more. This is sabotage because it totally is intentional, has a malicious intent to steal very important and delicate information, and can lead to crashing down a computer.

Hacker- A hacker is the jargon name given to the person or persons who preoigram malware and implant trojan horses and spyware on the internet with the purpose of stealing information. Hackers can also program viruses. Only if the hacker creates malware or viruses that are impossible to be protected from would be the time to call them "sabotagers". However, as stated before, many hackers do it for fun, and not with the malicious intent to crash a system or rob a bank.

Spamming is the action of overusing emails and advertisements and attaching them to mass and bulk addresses. It is an abuse of emailing privileges. Spamming is not sabotage because all it aims to do is to send advertisements or sell a product, not to steal your information nor try to get personal information.

Malware is a programmed computer application or software which is designed to infiltrate into unsuspecting computers to obtain user information. Sending out malware is an act of sabotage because it exploits the personal information of individuals and it is done maliciously and with criminal intent.

Logic Bombs are malware programs that are placed into games, software, or any other application and are programmed to disrupt the application, or to disrupt the function of the computer after a certain number of activity has occurred. For example, after 10 uses or accesses of a certain application, the malware will be released. It is called a "logic" bomb because it operates under a specific plan of action. They are sabotage because they cause public fears, put companies on extra heightened alerts, and basically put the world in a waiting game which is unfair and silly to do. Since it is interrupting the basic lives of others and affecting them negatively, it constitutes sabotage.


All these constitute sabotage in one way or another. Sabotage is the intention to disrupt. All these examples of techno-crime are meant to disrupt programs that help people. This infringes in the personal rights and freedoms of individuals. It is very much a case of sabotage.