Describe the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and its uses in organizational behavior and management.
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator uses 126 questions to identify personality traits by asking people to indicate their preferred manner of acting or responding to situations. Based on the trends indicated by the responses, persons taking the test may be classified as falling at some point along each of four continuums of behavior: extraversion-introversion (E-I); sensing-intuition (S-I); thinking-feeling (T-F); judging-perceiving (J-P). Combining the behavioral styles from the four subscales is considered as a means to give the person a summary of his/her personality.
This information is considered important for organizational management because it increases the capability of management to place individuals in positions or with coworkers whose preferences and styles will complement each other, leading to a better work environment for all. "MBTI profiles are often used in career counseling or as a basis for matching work partners or for selecting tasks that are best suited for one's MBTI type."