Delegation is a process of effective management. Discuss.
Delegation is clearly a part of effective management, but it must be done properly.
If done poorly, delegation can backfire. It can
- Make the subordinate employees feel that they are simply having work dumped on them. They will often feel that their superior is lightening his/her own load by making them do the dirty work.
- Conversely, if tasks are delegated that are beyond the capacities of the subordinates, productivity suffers.
On the other hand, if delegation is done well it can
- Enhance the skills of the subordinates as they learn to do jobs that were previously "above" them.
- Enhance workplace morale as the subordinates feel more important and more valued.
I think that there are some very strong benefits to delegation. One advantage is that it helps to create a team- like setting, where more individuals feel empowered. Management begins to accept the premise that collaboration and cooperation is an effective means to solve problems and achieve goals. The idea of delegation empowers individuals, bringing them more into the decision making process. Its disadvantages are that it can be manipulated into a setting where individuals in the position of absolute power can give their work to others, creating more work for some and less for others. Delegation, if done improperly, can also reduce the effectiveness of an overall organization.