"Apartheid" is an Afrikaner term comprised of the Dutch words for separate and hood, which are apart and heid. Together, they mean separateness. Thus apartheid was the South African domestic policy of separateness between white and non-white inhabitants of South Africa. The separateness extended to jobs, housing, communities (non-white workers lived far out from white towns and had to walk miles into town every morning to go to their jobs--streets were daily blocked by the wide swath of non-white workers walking in at dawn and returning at dusk), shops, clothing, opportunities,everything. This policy was so invidious that it extended even to daily courtesies and the commonplace, such as shaking hands, walking on the same side of the street, and speaking the same language: conversations were (perhaps still are) routinely carried on in two languages at once, one speaker using the one, the other speaker using the other.