Define Viceroyalty.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

To begin answering this question you should understand the meaning of a viceroy. A viceroy is a royal official who runs a country or province in the name of a king or sovereign.  So this make a viceroyalty the term of service of a viceroy and/or the land that the viceroy governs. 

Historically there have been many viceroyalties. New France was the area in North America that was colonized by the French.  "At its peak in 1712 (before the Treaty of Utrecht), the territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico."  For more viceroyalties see the link below.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

A viceroyalty was the largest level of colonies in the Spanish Empire in the new world.  Viceroyalties could have smaller subdivisions which were all under the rule of the viceroyalty.

A vieroyalty was run, no surprisingly, by a man called a viceroy.  This person (as the term implies) acted in the place of the king.  So he was essentially the king within that colony.  That means, for example, that the Viceroy of Mexico had no one in the colony who could tell him what to do or who could override one of his decisions.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team