Define the term "Orientalism" as coined by Edward Said. 

"Orientalism," as defined by Edward Said, is the Western attitude that views Eastern societies as exotic, primitive, and inferior. Basically, an Orientalist mindset centers the Western (European/American) world and views the Eastern world as "the Other." This mindset allowed, and continues to allow, Westerners to rationalize much of the imperial conquest of the Eastern world throughout history.

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Before Edward Said published Orientalism in 1978, the terms "Orientalism" and "Orientalist" had been used for centuries simply to denote the academic study of Asian and Middle Eastern language, history, and culture. For instance, a famous scholar of the eighteenth century, Sir William Jones, who wrote a grammar of the Persian language and translated legal documents from Arabic and Sanskrit, was widely known as "Orientalist Jones."

Said's book redefined the term "Orientalism" as something pejorative and patronizing. He wrote that the East, which appears in Orientalist discourse, was a series of...

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