Sociological perspective refers to the idea that the community or society around an individual defines who the individual is. In essence, the community or society influences the behavior and mentality of the individual. Social perspective examines individuals within the confines of a community and territory.
The components of sociological perspective are functionalist perspective, conflict perspective, and symbolic interactionalist perspective. Functionalist perspective refers to how the parts of the whole interact in order to create balance. Conflict perspective refers to the different parts of the whole which try to maintain power over the whole. Symbolic interactionalist perspective refers to the "big picture" of a society.