Define 'Novel'. Mention some of its common features.
The novel is a genre of fiction writing distinguished from the short story, the novella, and drama. The novel has much in common with these other forms of fiction writing, but is distinguished by certain formal traits and, especially, length.
The central defining trait of the novel as a form is the use of prose.
Prose is the most typical form of language, applying ordinary grammatical structure and natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure (as in traditional poetry).
The use of prose and dialogue used to tell a story involving one or more characters (usually more than one) distinguishes the novel from drama and poetry.
Often the novel is defined simply as an extended narrative, longer than a short story and longer than a novella.
A novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose.
Traditional novels offer a strong plot that poses a problem or set of problems to the characters in the narrative, some of which are resolved in the action of the novel.
Some novels break with tradition and eschew conventional plot structure, either by telling multiple stories that are interwoven involving characters that are not directly related (A Visit from the Goon Squad; USA), by utilizing a highly imaginative formula of story within story (Naked Lunch), or by including mulitple prose forms within the novel and using these to supplement the narrative (Moby Dick).
Considering this type of flexibility in the genre, we can see that there is a great deal of variety allowed...
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A novel is a fictitious narrative which involves characters and events which are to some degree realistic. Novels are usually complex and portray characters and are usually presented is sequential order of actions and scenes.