Define intelligence as it relates to cognitive psychology.
The concept of "intelligence" does not have one official definition under the parameters of cognitive psychology. Extensive research in the area continues to bring up new discoveries about neural processes that, as a result, open the door to even more theoretical inquiry about what exactly intelligence is.
As a result, a myriad of theories of intelligence and learning are used as foundations upon which scientific investigations are built, keeping in mind that as the word "theory" implies, constructs are bound to change at any moment when new discoveries are made.
We can go back to the 1880's when two reputable researchers proposed two separate definitions for intelligence. C.Spearman's "G-Factor" theory deems intelligence as a "generalized= G" ability to acquire information and apply it. Using quantitative and purely standardized methods, Spearman concluded that people who "are born with" this general ability will always perform better than those who are not. Notice that there is no...
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