Oedipus Rex Questions and Answers
by Sophocles

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Define hubris and describe which actions of Oedipus and Jocasta demonstrate hubris in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles.

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Hubris can be defined as an individual's excessive pride and overconfidence. A character suffering from hubris attempts to overstep their limits and typically violates a moral code.

In Sophocles's Oedipus Rex, both King Oedipus and his wife/mother Jocasta become victims of hubris, which directly leads to their demise. King Oedipus displays hubris several times throughout the play, and his excessive pride results in his exile. Initially, Oedipus demonstrates hubris by fleeing his homeland of Corinth after consulting the oracle of Delphi, who informs him that one day he will kill his father and marry his mother. Oedipus pridefully believes that he can circumvent the prophecy and overcome his destiny, which was determined by the gods.

However, Oedipus is not aware that King Polybus and Queen Merope are not his biological parents as he travels towards Thebes. On his way, Oedipus unknowingly fights and kills his father, King Laius.

Other examples of Oedipus's hubris can be found when he vows to...

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