Define hubris and describe which actions of Oedipus and Jocasta demonstrate hubris in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles.
A short definition of the word hubris is generally presented in two words: excessive pride. In the literary world and the world of the Greeks, this was also true but had one added element. This overblown pride was the very thing that caused the character's downfall. So hubris might be defined as excessive pride which causes one to fall from a high place, often taking others down, as well. Of course this is exactly what happens to both Oedipus and Jocasta in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, and neither of them can blame anyone other than themselves.
Jocasta's two primary displays of hubris are connected and are also the cause of her eventual shame and death. First, we learn that Jocasta and Laius received an awful prophecy about their son: he would one day kill Laius and marry Jocasta. Of course this is unacceptable to the couple and Jocasta cruelly sends her son away to die a painful death in an effort to thwart the plans of the gods. Of course thinking that one can outwit the gods is the supreme...
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