Government As An Academic Field Of Study

Define government.

 

Government as an academic field of study.

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Domenick Franecki eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Government as an academic field of study is a vast subject, encompassing political institutions and political theories. There are several sub-disciplines within the field, including public administration (the human management of governmental institutions), international relations (the study of diplomacy and the relationships among countries), political theory, political economy (the way governments handle fiscal matters), and comparative politics (comparing the way different nations are governed). The study of government, also called political science, is important because it allows students to understand their role in our system as citizens and to understand the ways in which our government operates. This knowledge helps students become well-informed citizens who can make knowledgeable choices about how to vote and how to participate in the democratic system. In addition, the study of comparative government allows us to understand how our government is different than others and to study what makes government effective and ineffective in different contexts.

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Government is the mechanism by which people are ruled.  Government allows for civil order by creating laws and protecting its citizens.  In order to ensure enforcement of laws, government also creates punishments for those who break the law.  

The study of government can take on many forms.  One can compare systems of government, such as comparing democracies and dictatorships.  One can study political issues, such as health care and campaign finance reform.  One can also study why one candidate prevailed over another, or why a dictator's leadership style allowed him to rule over a country so successfully.  These topics usually fall under the collegiate major of political science. At the grade school level, courses in government are less about political theory and more about how government is...

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