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If you need exactly five categories of cybercrimes, you should probably look in your textbook or your notes to see which five your instructor expects to see. There are many different ways to categorize cybercrimes. For example, this link shows us a three-part typology of cybercrimes. However, here is one way to separate cybercrimes into five categories.
- Financial. This is cybercrime that steals financial information or that disrupts firms’ ability to do business. So, for example, when Target’s credit card data were stolen, that was a financial cybercrime.
- Hacking. This consists of unauthorized access to a computer system. This can be used to commit other crimes (such as when Target’s computers were hacked) or it can be done to steal data or plant malware.
- Cyber-terrorism. This consists of hacking that is serious enough to cause fear in target populations. For example, if a foreign country were to hack into American banks’ records, it could cause enough fear that our economic system might be damaged.
- Online illegal pornography. The most important type of this is child pornography. The internet gives unprecedented opportunities to disseminate illegal pornography. There are many examples of child pornography being widely distributed.
- Cybercrime in schools. This consists mainly of people gaining personal information from young children who do not know better. The information can be used to harm the children or for purposes of identity theft.
I do not know if these are the five categories that you are expected to put in your answer. It would be best to check your book and/or notes to see what categories are used by your particular instructor.
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