Psychosocial rehabilitation is an approach to the treatment of patients with ongoing mental disabilities which moves away from symptomatology and instead focuses on re-integrating patients into the real world. This is also known as assertive community treatment, because it validates the role of patients within the community and as individuals.
The use of a natural environment is the latest and most effective (as well as less threatening and non-invasive) method to train patients with mental disabilities. The natural environment is none other than a place where the patient will live and learn basic skills using real-life objects and situation.
Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, the less threatening and most close to natural environment is what the patient with disabilities needs to develop skills that could render them as close to independent as possible. As of over twenty years ago there were homes set up to lodge and train patients. They were known as Homes for Special Care. Nowadays, the patient is expected to remain in his or her home but to also have access to specialized teams which can go to them and help them. The patient is allowed to determine how long services are to be received, and depending on each case, the patient will be trained over and over in the specific area of need.
The drawback of PSR is that, as a service, it must work hand in hand with the health care plan of the client and some companies may claim to provide PSR services when they actually provide something similar or approximate, hence not honestly describing what they can really do for mental health patients.