Although three separate concepts, education, learning and guidance can be seen together almost all the time in terms of academic mission, vision, and goals.
This is because the three combined represent a process of inductive and deductive interaction that ultimately leads to the acquisition of new behaviors, and new information.
Education itself is the process of conveying that new information. It can be done in a variety of ways, and its success will depend upon whether the methodology or educational intervention matches the learning style and interests of the student. It is, therefore, an interactive process where the educator serves as the facilitator and guide while the student should take the responsibility of the learning. Special education consists on the same process, placing higher value on specific interventions that will work with students with learning disabilities who cannot be held 100% responsible for their own learning experiences.
Learning is the expected outcome of education; the acquisition of new skills, information, and behavior. It can also mean the formation of a new habit or conduct. In the learning process communication is essential, and so is affective stimuli. When the information conveyed by the educator is clear, concise, and well-professed, the chances of retention of information is higher, and so is the chance that the information will transfer to long-term memory. When there is a stimulus that maintains the focus and attention of the learner, the process of learning becomes almost automatic since the student is applying all five senses to one thing.
Guidance lies in between education and learning because it is another process that requires constant interaction. It is the systematic direction toward a focus or a goal through the provision of advice, information, and or counseling depending on the case. Hence, the educator guides the student toward the most optimal way of learning. In turn, the student guides the educator's intervention through data acquired through assessments.
The job of a guidance counselor, however, is different. It is mainly that of adviser and facilitator of information for the student to be able to solve a problem, figure out a course of action, or plan his or her academic route.