The colonists who chose to come from England to America were looking for religious freedom and greater opportunities. They thought that they would be left alone. But it was a time of imperialism. Many strong countries from Europe were looking for more lands to control. They hoped to gain power and riches. England, France, and Spain all wanted to claim part of that was to become America. England was able to force France out. Everything from the east coast to the Mississippi River belonged to England, and everything west of the Mississippi belonged to Spain and was called Louisiana.
There were many battles for control. England won the battle between the European countries, but the colonists did not want to live under British rule. They wanted to make their own laws. They had no vote in the English government, but they were required to pay taxes. They thought this was unfair and they started complaining. When the complained, King George sent soldiers to America to make the colonists pay.
Most people in America started wanting to be free from England's laws, but some still wanted to be English citizens. They held the Boston Tea Party to protest the taxation, but it did not change much. Eventually fighting broke out.
At this time, to even say that America (as we came to be called) should be free from England was dangerous. If the Americans had lost the American Revolution, many people could have been convicted of treason. This would have included the men that we consider to be the founding fathers, the men who wrote the Declaration.
The Declaration was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. The main writer of the Declaration was Thomas Jefferson. He wrote the document as a formal explanation of why Congress had voted to declare their independence from England. This came after the American Revoultion had already been going on for about a year. The most famous line from the declaration is this: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."
Besides Thomas Jefferson, important men to look up for this time in American History would be Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Roger Sherman.
The Declaration of Independence is a document that declared independence of the British colonies in America from Britain. It was adopted by delegates of the colonies on July 4, 1776, at the Second Continental Congress.
The adoption of Declaration of Independence was preceded by a struggle of nearly ten years between people of American Colonies and Britain. The American People were demanding that there should be no taxation without representation. But Britain was not prepared to relinquish any control.
Gradually the desire and demand for independence of the states in America grew. In 1975 the delegates of colonies decided to boycott trade with Britain and in British goods. By this time the War of independence with Britain had also begun.
At this stage opposition to Britain grew rapidly. There was a widespread belief that in effect colonies are already independent of British control and that this independenc should be declared formally. Thus a document declaring independence was prepared and formally adopted.