Does Homer glorify violence in his epic The Iliad? In other words, is there a conscience or sorrow behind the brutality in The Iliad?

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While I wouldn't say that violence is exactly glorified (it is considered necessary, however), I would say that Homer's worldview was sufficiently different from ours to make his depiction of violence seem like glorification.  I think that there are several reasons for this:

The war was, originally, a war of honor.  Queen Helen was stolen (or went willingly) from the King Menelaus of Sparta, so he was honor-bound to go and get her back.  His brother, the great king Agamemnon of Mycenae, was the overlord of many vassal kingdoms (such as Achilles' Pylos, Odysseus' Ithaca).  This means that Agamemnon's vassals were required to engage in any battle that he chose to fight.  Agamemnon is, by turn, required to help his brother recover his honor (and his wife).  Not doing so would lessen the status of both Agamemnon and Menelaus -- and in Mycenaean times honor and status were extremely important!  So, for the Greeks of Homer's time this war was both honorable and necessary -- by the...

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