Death Penalty AbolitionWhich state abolished the Death Penalty first?  Why did it do so?  

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belarafon eNotes educator| Certified Educator

With the removal of God from law and government institutions, I question how the death penalty can still be considered immoral. If a man is guilty of crimes so heinous that the death penalty is considered, why is there any reason to keep him alive and healthy in prison? More to the point, what disincentive is there to keep people honest? If the worst you can hope for is "life..." that's not exactly a deterrence. (By the way, decisions of guilty are decided in court; appeal is a part of the process but if there is no new evidence, the decision should stand. Endless appeal is a problem both in clogging the system and in actually punishing criminals.)

From a secular POV, there cannot still be legitimate objections to "cruel and unusual death" or "inhumane" administration. We don't hang, electrocute, or use painful injections anymore. In fact, the death of murderers is now less painless and stressful than that of their victims.

rrteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Enlightenment thinkers, especially Cesare Beccaria, were indeed influential in shaping new thinking about the penal system in general, but especially the death penalty. Jeremy Bentham, who doesn't exactly fit under the Enlightenment umbrella, thought similarly, even designing prisons that would be more humane. The Second Great Awakening also played a role- a major reform movement for prisons and asylums derived from new thinking about the sanctity of human life and the possibility for perfecting people through institutions.

accessteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Yes, there were a number of different factors that were influential in the intellectual debate concerning the death penalty and its abolition. Certainly the key ones you would need to focus on would be Englightenment thought and also how religious views towards the death penalty changed and adapted. In particular with regards to this last point, the sovereignty of God and how it is his decision to take somebody's life and not ours as humans was a key factor.

vangoghfan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

As litteacher has noted, Michigan was the first state to abolish capital punishment. The influence of Enlightenment thinkers is indeed often mentioned in accounts of this development. However, religious arguments were also made for and again abolition. The matter was debated for a number of years before abolition was finally accepted and enacted.  Here's a pretty detailed account of the matter:

litteacher8 eNotes educator| Certified Educator
Michigan abolished the death penalty in 1846. This was effective for all crimes but treason. The reasons were mostly related to the success of the death penalty abolitionists, apparently inspired by Euopean Enlightenment thinkers. Here are some links for more information.