De rerum natura (On the Nature of Things) by Titus Lucretius Carus

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In De Rerum Natura, describe Lucretius’ recommendations for the good life, that is, how one should live his/her life in the first two books. 

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Lucretius' De Rerum Natura is a poetic exposition of Epicurean philosophical thought. It begins with an attempt to understand the nature of the physical universe. It suggests that all observable phenomena may be accounted for by purely material causes rather than by divine intervention. That means that the gods do not regularly intervene in our lives. Instead, rather than worrying about the gods and living in fear of them, we should focus on living a good life in the present. With myths about the gods being dispelled, we also do not need to live in fear of death.

A good life is one that maximizes pleasure. This does not mean, however, a life devoted to sensual indulgence. Instead, we need to think about what brings the greatest average happiness or well-being over an extended period of time. For Lucretius, that is tranquility—being undisturbed by longing, desire, and restless emotion and, like the gods, being able to look down on the world without being perturbed by it.

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In De Rerum Natura ,...

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