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In Daniel Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year, what are the most prominent literary/rhetorical devices?

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Two prominent literary devices that Daniel Defoe uses in A Journal of the Plague Year are symbolism and allegory.  Allegory is a rhetorical device that uses stories or pictures to convey hidden meanings.  Usually the meaning is a moral or political one.  Symbolism is more or less the same thing.  In A Journal of the Plague Year Defoe uses the rats as a symbolic stand-in...

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