In CuSO4.5H2O, what is the percentage of H2O?
Molar mass is the mass of one mole of a substance and is ontained by adding atomic mases of all the constituent atoms and group of atoms.
Atomic masses: Cu = 63.55 g/mol,
S = 32.07 g/mol
O x 4 = 16.00 g/mol x 4 = 64.00 g/mol
H = 1.008 g/mol,
So, H2O = (2*1.008+16.00)*5 = 90.10 g/mol
Molar mass of CuSO4,5H2O = 249.72 g/mol.
Out of that 249.72 grams, 90.10 grams is water,
So, percentage by mass of water in CuSO4,5H2O
= 90.10*100/249.72 = 36.08.