Critical appreciation of the poem "Ode to a Skylark" by P.B Shelley.
Shelley's ode "To a Skylark" was witten in 1820 when he was in Leghorn in Italy. Shelley compares the skylark to various objects in order to make the readers understand as much as is possible the mysterious and beautiful bird, and its divine music.
Some of the dazzlingly and exquistely beautiful objects to which it and its melodious voice are compared are:"blithe spirit," "a cloud of fire," "an unbodied joy," "a star of heaven," "moon beam," the bright colours of the rainbow, an 'unseen' poet, "a high-born maiden," "a glow-worm," "a rose," "sound of vernal showers," "crystal stream." It would be impossible to analyse all these images because of the restrictions on the word limit. However an analysis of one should serve the purpose.
The following lines capture the essence of the bird and reveal the central message of the poem: "Like a poet hidden/In the light of thought/Singing hymns unbidden/Till the world is wrought/To sympathy with hopes and fears it heeded not."
Shelley in his essay "Defense of Poetry" (written 1821 published 1840) remarks that poets are "the unacknowledged legislators of the world." That is, although the poets are never in the limelight they guide the destinies of a nation by voluntarily pronouncing profound truths which serve as moral guideposts to the common people. Similarly, the skylark also is rarely seen but its soulful melodious music serves to remind the people of the mysitcal beauties of Nature.
" ode to a skylark" is a lyrical poem by P.B. Shelley, a great romantic poet.This poem is a manifesto of Shelley's spirit of balance, order and collaboration.This poem is full of pragmatic wisodm which reflects the metaphoric treatment of Shelley.
He portrayes the philosophy of life and enthralls us to pay our attention towards the harsh realities of life.H e says that:
"We look before and after,
and pine for what is not.
our sincerest laughter with some pain is fraught.
our sweetest songs are those that tell of our saddest thought."
This is the reality of our life that we ran after those things which are beyond of our capacity instead of those things which can we get easily.
To conclude, Ode to a skylark is a nice blend of romanticism and humanitarian approach.
As for as the outstanding attribute of this luric is concerned,
dear chanrika,"our sweetest songs are those that tell of our saddest thought" is the conclusion of the whole lyric.
suraj verma(research scholar, deptt. of English,Allahabad University, India)