Interpersonal communication is the communication between two or more people and presents the exchange between information, thoughts, ideas, and emotions. There are several types of interpersonal communication.
Verbal communication: Verbal communication is when people communicate using words and sounds. This type of communication most commonly refers to spoken communication; however, it can also be written.
Listening: Listening is also a form of interpersonal communication, as it involves the process of receiving and interpreting the exchanged information.
Nonverbal communication: This refers to the exchange of information, thoughts, and emotions without using language (eye contact, gestures, facial expressions, body language, body movements and posture, tone of voice, haptics, etc.).
Group communication: Group communication is the exchange of information within a group, which usually consists of a minimum three and maximum twenty people, usually with the purpose of sharing a common goal. Group communication differs from any other interpersonal communication that exists between the group members. Group communication can also be verbal and nonverbal.
Public communication: Public communication is when an individual or groups of individuals come together and address the public in order to deliver a message to an audience of people. Public communication includes online communication; communication via the media (television, radio, written media, social media); communication via films, TV shows, songs, advertisements; and communication via public speaking (seminars, conferences, etc.).
Mass communication: Mass communication is the transmission of information via mass media, usually to a large audience. While public communication is usually done with the purpose of exchanging information, persuading the audience, and encouraging the people to engage in the communicative process, mass communication is often done with the purpose of simply delivering a message.
In addition to interpersonal communication, there is also intrapersonal communication, which is communication with one's self; people sometimes speak to themselves to rationalize a situation, to calm themselves down, or to put things into perspective. They can visualize a certain scenario in which they will internally vocalize their thoughts and reflect and assess a situation.