Could someone help me summarize the key points under the Cite Sources green link found to the left of the webpage please.  Click into this link. (be brief) thanks...

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litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The main thing this page is saying is that when you are introducing where you got your information from you need to decide how you are going to do it.  How much attention do you want to call to this idea?  Are you going to just give this idea a little bit of attention, or a whole lot of attention?  If you are going to give it a lot of attention, you will call attention to it first.  You would say something like this.

According to James (2013) “Forty-five percent of Americans think that strawberry is the best ice cream flavor” (11).

Of course, I made that up.  But notice that we pointed out right away that it was James’s idea?  Mr. James is given top billing, front and center, and you called attention to the fact that it was his idea right away and really loudly.  What if you didn’t want to call that much attention to it?  You could do so a little more quietly, by just having a parenthetical citation, that means a citation in parenthesis, at the end of the idea.  That means that you are still give Mr. James credit, but not as loudly.

In fact, almost half of Americans preferred strawberry ice cream over chocolate in a national study (James, 2013). 

Notice that in this case I did not quote Mr. James.  In fact, all I did was put his name in parenthesis and I mentioned a “national study.”  I don’t want to call as much attention to him in this case, I want to call more attention to the idea.  That’s what the web site you are asking about is trying to tell you.

The web site goes on to say that if your author is someone that no one has heard, you might want to tell people who he is.  For example, if you are writing about Abraham Lincoln and you quote him most people probably know him.  But if you are writing about some college professor from Georgia, chances are you should introduce the person.

The web site goes on to say that quoting is using someone else’s words word for word, meaning all of their words in the order they said them, and when you quote someone you need to cite your sources, which means to give them credit.  When you incorporate a quote into your paper, you need to introduce it in some way to make it fit.  This means that, like I did with Mr. James’s quote above, you might need to use part of the quote and modify or change some words.  When you make changes you can bracket one of the words you changed.  These are brackets [].  You might want to leave out some words of a long quote, using ellipses, which are the three dots that look like this …   You don’t want your quotes to be much longer than 20 or 30 words.

You always want to make sure you include a list of references.  Ask you teacher what style he or she prefers.  You can use a reference list generator to make sure you get it right.

Sources:

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