Could the arrest of a citizen be carried out in any of these scenarios?
Specificity will be critical. Understanding the specific scenarios is important, as well as the specific area in question is going to define much in way of a specific answer. In speaking from the broadest of conditions, arrests of citizens have to possess some basis. In some nations, anyone can make an arrest. However, the legal process of exacting a type of sanction or punishment is grounded in evidence and meeting evidence- based standards. In the United States, an arrest can only be made by authorities with probable cause being established. "Probable cause" is defined"as the standard by which an officer or agent of the law has the grounds to obtain a warrant for." Probable cause is the element that guides apprehension of citizens or individuals for suspicious behavior or activity. In most settings, the arrest of citizens has to follow this standard of cause or rationale. The term "arrest" means to "stop or stay." It is in this light where the arrest of a citizen is usually grounded in some belief to make they stop behavior deemed to violate the norms of a society's legal standing or stay in a position whereby external authorities can complete some type of inquiry into the individual's actions. The arrest of a citizen is something that most stable and grounded societies take very seriously. When there are situations in which the arrest of individuals is undertaken without cause or basis, there tends to be instability and a situation that is not sustainable over a period of time. Being able to identify specific situations in which arrests can be made forms the basis of jurisprudence in societies that reflect a healthy respect for the law and the elements of order needed to sustain it.