The cost of producing x units of a product is given by C(x)=200+50x-50 ln x, x>=1.  Find the minimum average cost.

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neela | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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The cost function is C(x) 200+50x-50lnx. x>=1

To find the minimum.


We use the calculus criteria for minimum. A continuous derivable  function  f(x) has its minimum at  x= c if f'(c) = 0 and f '' (c)  is positive. This we apply to the cost function C(x):

C(x) = 200+50x-50lnx. Differentiating we get

C'(x) = (200+50x-50lnx)'

= (200)'+(50x)' - (50ln x)'

=0+50-1/x. Equate the C'(x) to zero and find x:

C'(x) = 0. gives 50-50/x = 0,  Or x = 50/50 = 1.

C''(1) = (C'(x))' at x= 1

=(50-50/x)' at x =1

=(50/x^2)at x=1

=50. So  at x=1,  C"(x) is positive. So C(x) is minimum for x = 1.

Therefore, the minimum average cost is C(1) = 200+50*1-50 ln 1

= 200+50-50*0 as ln1 =0

= 250

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