Title IX of the Education Amendments 1972 'prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in educational programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance'. The provisions in Title IX support the belief that education facilities should not be exempt from the quest for Civil Rights. However, any federal involvement in powers reserved for the states (such as education) controversy is bound to occur. The federal government allocates monies to every state in order to supplement education costs, in 1972 through Title IX the federal government required accountability with regard to civil rights within educational facilities in order for it to continue to receive federal funding.
Several arguments of the opposition:
1. the federal government threatens to hold federal funds ransom
2. funding for educational policy is best left to the individual states, because states have different financial needs
3. athletic programs in schools should be determined by the individual school based upon but not limited to consensus, popularity, and cost effectiveness.
However, I think it is fair to say that while these arguments seem 'just' in many cases (including Supreme Court decisions to their contrary) inhibit 'equal protection under the law'...even if it's only 'girls' boxing... it counts just the same !!!