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Contrast the methods of the Chinese Nationalist government under Jiang and the Communists under Mao Zedong to rebuild China after war with Japan and analyze why the efforts of the former failed. Examine the efforts of the US and the USSR to create peace and stability in China and analyze why these efforts failed.

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This is a complex and controversial subject, and I have to admit that an attempt at a definitive answer may simply ignite additional controversy. Though he was an ally of the United States, the unfortunate thing about Jiang is that his authority as leader of China was never fully recognized by his own people. Few Americans were aware of the ruthlessness with which he consolidated power in 1928 and defeated his rivals, both the warlords and the Communists. When war began with Japan, an uneasy alliance was made within China for the purpose of expelling the Japanese. But the moment peace was declared and Japan was defeated, the warlords immediately resumed their hostility toward Jiang and reinitiated the shooting war that had been suspended when the far greater problem of the Japanese invasion had to be dealt with. Needless to say, the Communists went on the offensive as well.

The Americans could not maintain a permanent military presence in China. Even during the war, it was clear that...

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