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Contingency theories are different from trait and behavior theories of leadership because they take situational factors into account when discussing leader effectiveness. Some contingency theories also consider follower characteristics likability, willingness, and locus of control when it comes to leadership In your opinion, do the followers make a difference in whether a leader is effective?

Followers absolutely do make a difference in determining whether a leader will be effective, at least according to contingency theory. Contingency theory states that the effect of one variable on another variable depends (is contingent) on a third variable. With regard to leadership, the qualities of employees (followers) are this third variable, and thus influence the effectiveness of leadership.

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The short answer to this question is yes, followers make a difference when considering the effectiveness of a leader, at least according to contingency theory. To better understand this, consider a formal definition of contingency theory. The effect of one variable, say X, on another variable, Y, is dependent not only on X and Y themselves, but also on some third variable, say Z. This means that if X stands in for leadership, and Y stands for effectiveness (however you choose to define this), then Y cannot be evaluated according to X alone.

The third variable here, Z, can stand in for anything, including follower characteristics (ability, willingness, etc.). If a good leader is working with highly-motivated,...

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