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Is construction a primary or secondary industry?

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Declan Kuhlman eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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To best answer this question, let's first look at the definitions of primary and secondary industries.

A primary industry involves the collection and production of raw materials. For example, a farmer who produces and collects his crop would be considered a primary industry. Also, a fisherman fishes to collect "raw" material to sell.

A secondary industry is one that takes raw materials and transforms them into goods to sell. For example, a car manufacturer would be considered a secondary industry. Also, those who produce clothing would be considered secondary as well.

Because construction takes raw materials such as wood, steel, iron, etc. and transform it into something else, it would be considered a secondary industry. Construction companies take materials from primary industries in order to build residential and commercial buildings.

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Construction is an industry that is part of the secondary sector of the economy, not the primary sector.

The primary sector is one that directly uses natural resources.  In other words, the primary sector is extractive.  Examples of primary industries would be the oil and gas industry or mining.

By contrast, the secondary sector takes things that have been extracted by the primary sector and makes them into finished products.  In the case of construction, the industry takes things like wood and concrete that have been made by the primary sector and makes them into buildings.  Because of this, it is a secondary sector industry.

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