I have to construct an argument on Harrison Bergeron and a short excertp from The Jungle. I am so lost and have no idea where to start. My teacher wants to know how they influence my view on the two forms of government.
This is clearly a compare/contrast kind of question. The world of "Harrison Bergeron" presents us with a totalitarian despotic state that clearly robs its citizens of control in even the most basic aspects of their lives. Consider the series of hindrances that Harrison's parents have to put up with, for example. In The Jungle, the author is clearly advocating a socialist system of government where the downtrodden in society are given more power and treated with more equity.
"Harrison Bergeron" was written in the wake of the Civil Rights Movement in which non-minorities became concerned that their would be a lost of individual rights and opportunities. With Civil Rights legislation, certain people felt that there was a forced equality exerted upon them as represented in the futuristic society of Harrison's. This concept of the Individual and Personal Interests is more in line with the self-interest and selfishness of Capitalism.
On the other hand, The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, advocates Socialism as the solution to the horrific mistreatment of the workers who toiled long hard hours in horrible conditions. In considering the the ideal of Socialism, you may wish to research how this works out into contemporary times.
The first step is to ask yourself how your view was influenced. Then you will explain why. So think about each work. I suggest making a concept map or word web listing everything the work makes you think of. Then, by looking at the maps, you should begin to get an idea of how they have influenced you. Then you can begin constructing an argument.