Consider the Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868): What were the issues of contention and where did communication fail?

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jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Treaty of Fort Laramie of 1868, which ended Red Cloud's War, ceded much of the western part of South Dakota, including the Black Hills, to the Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne. The issues involved in the treaty were that the Black Hills were considered sacred to the Sioux, and they became part of the Great Sioux Reservation. Whites were not allowed to trespass on these lands.Hunting grounds were also granted to Native Americans in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. The treaty also provided money to Native Americans who chose to farm, and it stipulated that children would attend English-language schools.

The communication between whites and the Sioux and Cheyenne broke down over time. In 1874, General Custer led miners into the Black Hills as part of an expedition, and eventually, gold was discovered in the area. The government could not keep miners out of the area, and the Sioux and Cheyenne did not want to return their lands to the United States government. A series of battles, referred to as the Black Hills War or Great Sioux War of 1876, followed. The most famous battle was the Battle of Little Bighorn, in which Custer's 7th Cavalry was wiped out by Native Americans in 1876. The U.S. government annexed the land in 1877, and the Sioux are still involved in a court battle with the U.S. government over the land. 


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