Consider the transfer of power as it is described in Richard II, in IV.1. Based on the passage (as it grows out of the rest of the play), which of the three interpretations is correct?
This drama starts with the accusations of Bolingbroke against Mowbray. The king calls the both in order to settle the dispute but they are ogled by challenging each other for duel. The king withdraws from it after being consulted with the old John of Gaunt and other members of his counsel. Bolingbroke is banished for ten years where as Mowbray forever. After wards, on the information of the Gaunt, Boling broke`s banishment is reduced four years.
The king was not faithful to his relatives. He was involved in killing the Gloucester and for it the both warriors were banished. Then he confiscated the properly of Boling broke after the death of Gaunt. After wards, he increased the taxes and hollowed his land.
Such things created anarchy in the country. All were ready to stand against him but there was no leading figure. It was the best occasion for Boling broke who came with power and captured the Govt party. Bashy blamed on Amerle for the murder of Gloucester Amerle called him liar and challenged him for duel. There were other persons ready for duel, but Boling broke ordered to bring Mow bray for knowing the truth. He was informed that Mowbray was killed in the fight.
Now the power transfers, because Boling broke calls the king and says to hand over the crown and be banished, but he rejects this offer. On it, the king is captured and sent to the Jail. When he was in power, he seemed to be mad and careless. So this habit drags him and becomes the cause of his death.