Consider Luigi Pirandello's Six Characters in Search of an Author as a production, not just a literary work.  In the stage directions, Pirandello recommended that the actors playing the six characters wear masks. Why do you think he made that recommendation, and what would the result be in terms of effect on the audience?

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Luigi Pirandello was one of the most influential playwrights of the twentieth century. He is best known for his experiments in metatheater—that is, theatrical productions about the nature of theater. His 1921 play, Six Characters in Search of an Author, is an example of this.

Pirandello uses the play to question the role of the playwright in the process of theater-making. In the stage directions, Pirandello recommends that the six characters wear masks. Pirandello does this in order to explore the nature of theater, specifically that of theater as a place where things are not what they actually are, but rather, what the artists say they are. The six characters only have an identity insomuch as their story can be told in a play.

This idea is physically represented by the masks they wear, which visually reinforce the idea for the audience. The masks cover their faces—the most distinguishable part of the human body and often the main way people are identified. With the six characters'...

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