What is the basis of the conflict between Grendel and Heorot?

1 Answer | Add Yours

wordprof's profile pic

wordprof | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

The word “conflict” is a little askew here, because Heorot is a meeting hall, not a combatant.  But whether the anonymous author was working on this level of abstraction on not, modern interpretations take into account the conflict between natural order and man-made order—in other words, man’s intrusion on nature.  If we see Heorot’s inhabitants as intruders on Grendel’s “environment”, we might take Grendel’s side:  once free to roam the land in search of prey, Grendel is now restricted by human activity in the hunting ground around his and his mother’s home pool; his natural instincts are to combat those intruders.  Think of a hunting lodge built in the middle of a forest; surely the grizzly bears would have the instinct (and the right) to attack the intruders.  The Christian/pagan conflict (or, as Levi-Strauss would say, the raw and the cooked) is ubiquitous, in life and in literature, especially in early narratives of human expansion, conquest, and colonization.

Sources:

We’ve answered 318,989 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question