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Conduct an internet search on the types and severity of punishments used in the country of Singapore. Do you believe the laws reflect the roles and values of Singapore citizens?

The laws of Singapore appear to reflect the roles and values of Singapore's older citizens, who connect the country's authoritarianism to its prosperity. However, younger citizens are more likely to dissent from this position.

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The types and severity of punishments used in Singapore can easily be found online. Some of the most reliable and frequently updated sources are government websites, both those of the Singapore government and those of the diplomatic/foreign service divisions of other governments, maintained to inform citizens who are planning to visit Singapore. The relevant section of the British government website is linked below.

Probably the most controversial sentences regularly handed down by the Singapore courts are capital punishment and corporal punishment. Many drug offenses carry a mandatory death sentence, while vandalism is normally punishable by caning where the culprit is male and under fifty years of age.

It is very difficult to work out whether these laws reflect the values of Singapore citizens, who tend to be reticent about criticizing the government. However, the question is astute in linking the roles of citizens to their values. While citizens of liberal democracies may consider it part of their role to be critical of the state, Singaporean citizens normally think that their primary role is to support the administration.

The prestige of the People's Action Party and the personal popularity of the late Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, who died in 2015, are closely linked to the national identity of Singaporeans. Older Singaporeans in particular connect the country's prosperity with authoritarianism and stringent laws and regard criticism of these laws as tantamount to denigration of Singaporean culture. However, younger citizens are less inclined to make this connection, as suggested by a survey released by the Institute of Policy Studies in September 2018 (linked below).

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