Describe the major causes for concern regarding cocaine use and
compare them with various causes for concern regarding amphetamine
use, showing evidence of your understanding of their similarities and
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Cocaine and amphetamines both fill the functions of natural dopamine synthesis, reuptake,synapse activation and inhibition of monoamine oxidase. This means that cocaine and amphetamines replace a natural occurring and critical chemical and its various functions in the brain while at the same time off-setting the natural balance of natural function. As a result, this constitutes a major concern for cocaine and amphetamine use as dopamine is critical to many brain functions including regulation of mood.
Drawing off post 4's comment, there is another difference in the illegal portion of these two drugs. Cocaine is always illegal and, as post 4 stated, there is not quality control. The DEA works long and hard to crack down on cocaine imports, production, and sales. The difference with amphetamines is that some of them are legal while cocaine never is. Even methamphetamine has some legal forms. The DEA has two fronts to fight against amphetamine usage. One front deals with the illegal import, production and sales of home-made amphetamines just like cocaine. The other front deals with prescription amphetamines. These prescription drugs are only considered legal if they taken as prescribed by the person they were prescribed to. There are often stories of people who sell their prescription medications or those who steal others medications. We all know the warnings about children and teenagers getting into a parent's medicine cabinet. Of course, sometimes this story also works in reverse where we hear about the exhausted mom who took some of her child's ADHD medication. Amphetamine abuse may be much more common because it is available in a legal, FDA approved and regulated form.
#4 makes a valuable point about the way in which making these drugs illegal can actually lead to more problems, as commonly dealers "cut" these drugs with other drugs or materials to make more quantity and lower the quality. You really don't know what you are buying if you do buy these drugs. You also need to be aware that drug use is so often intertwined with other forms of crime such as prostitution and violence.
This is kind of like comparing machine guns to automatic weapons. They are both illegal, and both deadly, and exist on our streets in concentrations that sometimes make our efforts to stop them seem fruitless.
Since both of these drugs are illegal, this also means they are illegally manufactured, with no standards for quality control or purity, so that users of both drugs do not have any idea what chemicals they are putting into their bodies. This makes using either drug extremely damaging and high risk.
Methamphetamines, however, tend to be more addictive than cocaine to many users, and the timeline for self-destruction in one's personal life and in their health is shorter.
Although cocaine and amphetamine have various similarities since both are stimulants, cocaine more addictive and more difficult to control. It is more powerful than amphetamine, which is why cocaine is illegal in the U. S. Recently there has been research into treating cocaine addiction by using amphetamine, just as heroin addiction is sometimes treated using methadone. Here is a link that may be helpful to you: http://www.differencebetween.net/science/health/difference-between-cocaine-and-amphetamine/
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