Why do you think concept of Volksgemeinschaft was so popular among Germans particularly during the Weimar Republic and the early days of the Third Reich?
Why do you think it was so appealing to Germans, especially during the Weimar Republic and the early days of the Third Reich?
During the Weimar Republic, Germany was badly weakened and was often in chaos. The country had been devastated economically and psychologically by the end of WWI and by the Treaty of Versailles. The reparations that had to be paid and the taking of much of Germany's coal hurt the economy badly. The taking of Germany's territories and the restrictions on its military hurt the people psychologically.
In this sort of a context, it is not surprising that the German people would choose to cling to the idea of a national community. Doing so would allow them to comfort themselves with the idea that they were all "in this together" as a unified people. It also gave them the sense that there was hope because they were a superior people and this superiority would manifest itself in time.
These attitudes helped to bring the Nazis, with their explicit appeals to national community, to power. Once they were in power, the idea of national community remained popular (it appears) because they were succeeding in bringing Germany back to prominence. It appeared that Germany was going to return to its proper place as a superpower by relying on the idea of a national community.