Discuss Matthew Arnold's concept of culture.
Matthew Arnold theorized around the transitional period between feudalism and the modern era in which industrialization was making profound effects on societies. Arnold encouraged a centralized, authoritarian approach to personal liberty and collective freedom. Arnold, rather than believing that states and centralized power have been the consistent roots of oppression since the beginning of agricultural societies and centralized leadership, instead believed that centralized power is an absolute necessity in promoting peacefulness. In this centralized power, Arnold believed that culture(s), and specifically an individually created sense of culture, would help to encourage that peacefulness. He believed a central power to be necessary in enforcing these cultures of peacefulness.
However, in my opinion, it is centralized powers that create wars and force/draft folks to fight them, and it is centralized powers that create and enforce political, economic, and social hierarchies that oppress...
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